Category: Mark’s Blog

Titles and Terms found in the Psalms

Titles Of Literary Or Musical Genre

1. Song (shir)
a. normally a reference to songs sung in the temple
b. suggests a vocal rendering (rather than instrumental)
c. when used in conjunction with mizmor (psalm), it suggests accompanied singing
d. used as the heading for Psalms 120-134, “songs of ascent” (shir hamma’ aloth)
1) these are pilgrimage psalms (going to Jerusalem to worship)
2) see Ezra 2:1; 7:9 – describes the going up from the Babylonian exile
3) the term was later applied the fifteen steps leading up to the temple proper and the temple singers would sing one psalm on each step
2. Psalm (mizmor)
a. used fifty-seven times
b. suggests playing a musical instrument
c. four times, the musical instrument is specified – 33:2; 98:5; 144:9; 147:7
3. Miktam
a. there is no consensus on the meaning of this term
b. it occurs in the titles of Psalms 16, 56, 57, 58, 59, and 60 (which are all Davidic psalms)
c. suggestions as to what Miktam means:
1) “gold” (a golden psalm)
2) “atonement” (an atonement psalm)
3) “indelible”
4) “silent prayer” (covering the lips in secrecy)
4. Maskil
a. it occurs in the titles of thirteen psalms: 32, 42, 44, 45, 52, 53, 54, 55, 74, 78, 88, 89, and 142
b. it also occurs in Ps. 47:7
c. some have rendered it as “artistic psalm” or “didactic psalm”
d. a participle with the same root occurs at 2 Chron. 30:22, which describes Levitical activity
e. presenting songs and poems in a skilled, intelligent, and artistic way
5. Shiggaion
a. the term only occurs at the heading of Psalm 7
b. the plural form occurs at Hab. 3:3
c. it comes from a verb which means “to err” or “to wander”
6. Tehilliah (“song of praise”)
a. it normally used in the sense of “praise” (22:25; 33:1; 34:1; 40:3; 48:10; 65:1; 71:8; 100:4; 106:12, 47; 119:171; 147:1; 148:14; 149:1)
b. see also Psalm 145
7. Tefillah (“prayer”)
a. appears in the titles of five psalms: 17, 86, 90, 102, and 142
b. it also occurs in Hab. 3:1
c. it is the general term for prayer in the Psalms as well as in the Old Testament
8. Selah
a. possibly refers to a musical note that signals reaching a crescendo
b. it may signal the worshippers to utter a worshipful cry (similar to “Amen”)
c. not strictly a title
d. 3:2, 4, 8; 4:2, 4; 7:5; 9:16; 24:6

Titles With Musical Terms

1. Lamenatstseakh (“to the choirmaster”)
a. occurs in the title of 55 psalms and in Hab. 3:19
b. the verb form means “to lead,” “to excel,” or “to be a the head” (see Ezra 3:8; 1 Chron. 23:4; 2 Chron. 2:2)
c. provides instruction concerning speed, inflection, and other stylistic considerations
2. Binginoth and ‘al-neginoth
a. Binginoth (“stringed instrument”) occurs in the titles of Psalms 4, 6, 54, 55, 67, and 76
b. ‘al-neginoth (“to run over the strings”) occurs in the title of Psalm 61
c. these psalms were to be recited or sung to the strains of stringed instruments
3. ‘al-hashminith (“according to the eighth”)
a. some suggests that the instruments are tuned for the bass singers
b. some suggest that it refers to the “eighth string”
c. it occurs in the titles of Psalms 6 and 12
4. ‘al-muth, ‘almuth labben, and ‘al-alamoth
a. probably all three phrases are variants with one meaning
b. “according to maidens” – 1 Chron. 15:20
c. the soprano key
d. they occur in the titles of Psalms 9, 46, and 48

Titles With Musical Tunes

1. ‘al-gittith
a. used in the titles of Psalms 8, 81, and 84
b. possibly a musical instrument that originated in Gath
c. it may also refer to the “winepress” and suggest a “vintage song”
2. ‘al-tashkheth (“do not destroy”)
a. used in the titles of Psalms 57, 58, 59, and 75
b. used in Isa. 65:8, where the expression seems to refer to a vintage song
3. ‘al-‘ayyeleth ha-shachar (“on the hind of the dawn”)
a. used in the title of Psalm 22
b. we do not know what this tune was
4. ‘al-shoshannim (“on the lilies”) and ‘al-shushan eduth (“according to the lily testimony”)
a. occurs in the titles of Psalms 45, 60, 69, and 80
b. has something apparently to do with “those whose situations change for the worse”
5. ‘al-yonath ‘elem rekhoqim (“set to the dove of the far-off terebinths”)
a. occurs in the title of Psalm 56
b. we do not know what this tune is

Ancient Near Eastern Concepts of Divine Rest

The biblical world is not our world. The biblical text was written to communicate to original recipients (Israelites in the wilderness, Christians at Rome, etc.) using the language, thoughts, and images of their time. This means that we must do some work to understand what the text meant to the original readers. The fancy and intimidating name for this is historical, grammatical exegesis. Do not let that scare you. This refers to “unpacking” the text by understanding the word meanings, syntax and grammatical context of the verse or paragraph that one is studying. The historical (cultural) setting also sheds light on the meaning of the words, phrases, and concepts.

One example of this is what does it mean that “God rested” in Genesis 2:1-3? Rest in our time and place communicates taking a nap, leisure time, maybe a vacation. That is not what the Ancient Near East thought of when people of that time read about divine rest. The following is an excerpt from one of John Walton’s publications that helps the contemporary reader understand what “divine rest” communicated to the original readers.

THEOLOGY OF REST IN THE BIBLE in John H. Walton, The Lost World of Adam and Eve: Genesis 2–3 and the Human Origins Debate (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic: An Imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2015), 47–52.

When God tells the Israelites that he is going to give them rest (nwḥ) from their enemies (Deut 12:10; Josh 1:13; 21:44; 2 Sam 7:1; 1 Kings 5:4), he is not talking about sleep, relaxation or leisure time. The rest that he offers his people refers to freedom from invasion and conflict so that they can live at peace and conduct their daily lives without interruption. It refers to achieving a state of order in society. Such rest is the goal of all the ordering activities that the Israelites are undertaking to secure their place in the land.

When Jesus invites people to “come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest” (Mt 11:28), he is not offering a nap or leisure time. He is inviting people to participate in the ordered kingdom of God, where, even though they have a yoke, they will find rest. Furthermore, when the author of Hebrews refers to the rest that remains for the people of God (Heb 4:10–11), he is not referring to relaxation but to security and order in the kingdom of God.

In light of this usage, we can discern that resting pertains to the security and stability found in the equilibrium of an ordered system. When God rests on the seventh day, he is taking up his residence in the ordered system that he has brought about in the previous six days. It is not something that he does only on the seventh day; it is what he does every day thereafter. Furthermore, his rest is not just a matter of having a place of residence—he is exercising his control over this ordered system where he intends to relate to people whom he has placed there and for whom he has made the system function. It is his place of residence, it is a place for relationship, but, beyond those, it is also a place of his rule. Note Psalm 132:7–8, where the temple is identified both as God’s dwelling place and as his resting place. Psalm 132:14 goes on to identify this resting place as the place where he sits “enthroned.” The temple account in Ezekiel 40–48 also identifies this element clearly: “Son of man, this is the place of my throne and the place for the soles of my feet. This is where I will live among the Israelites forever” (Ezek 43:7).

When Jesus talks about the Sabbath, he makes statements that seem unrelated to rest if we think of it in terms of relaxation. In Matthew 12:8, he is the Lord of the Sabbath. When we realize that the Sabbath has to do with participating in God’s ordered system (rather than promoting our own activities as those that bring us order), we can understand how Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath. Throughout his controversies with the Pharisees, Jesus insisted that it was never a violation of the Sabbath to do the work of God on that day. Indeed, he noted that God is continually working (Jn 5:17). The Sabbath is most truly honored when we participate in the work of God (see Is 58:13–14). The work we desist from is that which represents our own attempts to bring our own order to our lives. It is to resist our self-interest, our self-sufficiency and our sense of self-reliance.


It would not have been difficult for a reader from anywhere in the ancient Near East to take one quick look at the seven-day account and draw the conclusion that it was a temple story. That is because they knew something about the temples in the ancient world that is foreign to us. Divine rest in ancient temples was not a matter of simply residence. As we noted in Psalm 132, the temple was the center of God’s rule. In the ancient world, the temple was the command center of the cosmos—it was the control room from where the god maintained order, made decrees and exercised sovereignty. Temple-building accounts often accompanied cosmologies because after the god had established order (the focus of cosmologies in the ancient world), he took control of that ordered system. This is the element that we are sadly missing when we read the Genesis account. God has ordered the cosmos with the purpose of taking up his residence in it and ruling over it. Day seven is the reason for days one through six. It is the fulfillment of God’s purpose.

In the ancient world, a god’s place in his temple is established so that people can relate to him by meeting his needs (ritually). That is not the case in Israel, where God has no needs. He wants to relate to his people in an entirely different way. Despite this difference, it is the temple that remains the focus of this relationship as elsewhere in the ancient world. When God entered the temple, he established sacred space. Sacred space is the result of divine presence and serves as the center and source of order in the cosmos. In this “home story,” God is not only making a home for people; he is making a home for himself, though he has no need of a home for himself. If God does not rest in this ordered space, the six days are without their guiding purpose. The cosmos is not just a house; it is a home.

These ideas are supported not only by biblical theology, by lexical semantics and by comparative study with the ancient Near East; they are supported by the connection to a seven-day period. If this cosmic origins story has to do with the initiation of the cosmos as sacred space, then we should inquire as to how sacred space is typically initiated in the Bible and the ancient world when a temple is involved.

Solomon spent seven years building the house to be used as the temple of God in Jerusalem. When the house was complete, however, all that existed was a structure, not a temple. It was ready to be a temple, but it was not yet functioning like a temple, and God was not dwelling in it. Consequently the temple did not exist even though the structure did. What constituted the transition from a structure that was ready to be a temple to an actual functioning temple? How did the house become a home? This is an important question because there is a comparison to be drawn if Genesis 1 is indeed a temple text.

We find that in both the Bible and the ancient Near East there is an inauguration ceremony that formally and ceremonially marks the transition from physical structure to functioning temple, from house to home. In that inauguration ceremony, the functions of the temple are proclaimed, the functionaries are installed and rituals are begun as God comes down to inhabit the place that has been prepared by his instruction. It is thus no surprise that in Genesis 1 we find the proclamation of functions and the installation of functionaries. More importantly, we should note that in the Bible and the ancient world, the number seven figures prominently in the inauguration of sacred space.

If we therefore ask about the significance of seven days in the account, the biblical and ancient Near Eastern background provides the key. It is not that God decided to build the house in six days and added a Sabbath to make a theological point. We must remember that the audience of this account is Israel, not Adam and Eve. We might imagine a scenario in which Moses communicates to the Israelites in the wilderness (hypothetically, realizing that the book makes no such claims). This shift in our perspective is extremely important. Expanding on that idea, we can imagine not only a setting (Moses communicating to Israelites); we can imagine an event. As a thought experiment, let’s consider the scenario of Moses sitting down with the elders of the people on the eve of the tabernacle dedication at the foot of Sinai.

He is trying to help the Israelites understand the gravity of what is about to happen. They are ready to establish sacred space defined by the indwelling presence of God for the first time since Eden. So he explains to them that God had planned for the space.

Reading the chapters as a home story allows the emergence of rich theology that is obscured by reading the text as a house story. We learn that, even though God has provided for us, it is not about us. The cosmos is not ours to do with as we please but God’s place in which we serve as his co-regents. Our subduing and ruling are carried out in full recognition that we are caretakers. Whatever humanity does, it should be directed toward bringing order out of non-order. Our use of the environment should not impose disorder. This is not just a house that we inhabit; it is our divinely gifted home, and we are accountable for our use of it and work in it.

If you desire more information about this, you can also consult:

Divine Rest and Temples in Cosmogonies from John H. Walton, Genesis 1 as Ancient Cosmology (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011), 110–119.

Hurowitz, V. A. I Have Built You an Exalted House. JSOTSup 115; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1992.

John H. Walton, Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament: Introducing the Conceptual World of the Hebrew Bible (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2006), 196–199.

John H. Walton, Genesis 1 as Ancient Cosmology (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011), 178–184.

Andreasen, N.-E. The Old Testament Sabbath: A Tradition-Historical Investigation. SBL Dissertation Series. Missoula, Mont.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1972.

Laansma, J. I Will Give You Rest. Tübingen: Mohr, 1997.

John H. Walton, The Lost World of Genesis One: Ancient Cosmology and the Origins Debate (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2009), 71–91.

What Does Christ Not Look For In His Church?

Last week I asked the question, “what is Christ looking for in His church?” The answers to that question came from the items (attitudes and actions) that Jesus commends or calls for in the seven churches of Asia (Revelation 2-3). This article is asking the opposite question, about what Christ is not looking for in His church (what does Jesus not want among His people). The answers will be primarily based on Revelation 2-3.

Notice that Jesus does not praise them for things like fundraising skills; the size of the congregation; organizational skills; building and property holdings; having great social events; specialized ministries for all age groups; being “involved” in their communities; etc. Some or all of these things can be appropriate (even necessary), but these are not the things that Jesus is looking for in His church. These types of things are not mentioned in Revelation 2-3 and they are not mentioned in any of the New Testament documents sent to congregations of God ‘s people.

As we read the letters to the seven churches of Asia, we also find several things that Jesus does not want in His church. What causes Jesus to rebuke and threaten to judge or remove His presence from among His people?

The church at Ephesus: leaving their first love (Rev. 2:4).

The church at Pergamum: tolerating false teaching, idolatry, unlawful silence, and immorality (Rev. 2:14-15).

The church at Thyatira: tolerating false teaching, idolatry, immorality, and lack of church discipline (Rev. 2:20-23).

The church at Sardis: reputation without reality and incomplete works (Rev. 3:1-2).

The church at Laodicea: spiritually lukewarm and lost spiritual values (Rev. 3:16-17).

These letters call for the people of God to see ourselves based on the things that are important to Jesus and not be deceived into evaluating ourselves based on cultural criteria. These letters also call for the saints to resist the constant pull to accommodate to or assimilate into the culture. We are recreated in Christ to be the counter-cultural people of God.

Mark Johnson

(a special thank you goes to Dr. Rick Oster for teaching me to ask these kinds of questions of the biblical text)

Mark’s Remarks

We are off to a good start with the spiritual development program that we are implementing. Many have signed up to read the New Testament through this year. Did you get the first five chapters of Matthew read this past week? If you did not sign-up, it is not too late to start and catch-up. Reading plans are available in the foyer, on the congregational web page, and the church Facebook page. You can accomplish this goal by reading a chapter a day (actually five chapters in a seven-day span). Also, you can use the various audio devices to read the texts to you (in the car, at home, etc.). This is a reachable goal that all of us can achieve and we all ought to want to participate in.

A second spiritual discipline area we agreed to participate in is that of memorizing 100 verses of Scripture this year. We attempted to coordinate the memory verses with the New Testament readings. I realize that the thought of memorizing 100 verses sounds a little overwhelming, but it really amounts to memorizing 2 verses each week (that does not sound so bad). Many of you probably already know several of the verses we have chosen to memorize. The list of memory verses is available in the foyer, on the church website, and on the church Facebook page. A “log sheet” for recording the verses that you memorize is also available in the foyer.

A plan is in place to begin the Song Leading area of the spiritual development program. Ed Conrad has volunteered to coordinate this area (way to go Ed!). How we are going to carry out the Good Samaritan (service projects) area is less clear. We will need to a meeting later this month (I am guessing on a Sunday morning following the AM assembly, but my guess might be wrong) to discuss how we want to proceed with this. If you are interested in doing service projects, be thinking about what you want to do (not what you want someone to do) and what it will take to make your idea work.

If you would like to participate in Yellowstone Bible Camp this summer, registration is now “live.” You can find out more information concerning YBC on their website I will be teaching at Family Camp I, June 30-July 7(camp session information – It would be great to have a few familiar faces there (all the faces there will be friendly).


WEEK 1 (Dec. 31 – Jan. 6)          Read: Matthew 1- 5                                  Memorize: Mt. 6:33; 7:1

WEEK 2 (Jan. 7-13)                     Read: Matthew 6-10                                 Memorize: Mt. 7:2-3

WEEK 3 (Jan. 14-20)                  Read: Matthew 11-15                               Memorize: Mt. 7:4-5

WEEK 4 (Jan. 21-27)                  Read: Matthew 16-20                               Memorize: Mt. 7:13-14

WEEK 5 (Jan. 28 – Feb. 3)         Read: Matthew 21-25                               Memorize: Mt. 22:36-37

WEEK 6 (Feb. 4-10)                    Read: Mt. 26-28; Mk. 1-2                          Memorize: Mt. 22:38-39

WEEK 7 (Feb. 11-17)                 Read: Mark 3-7                                           Memorize: Mt. 28:18-20

WEEK 8 (Feb. 18-24)                 Read: Mark 8-12                                         Memorize: Proverbs 3:5-6

WEEK 9 (Feb. 25 – Mar. 3)        Read: Mark 13 – Luke 1                            Memorize: Prov. 6:16-17

WEEK 10 (Mar. 4-10)                 Read: Luke 2-6                                           Memorize: Prov. 6:18-19

WEEK 11 (Mar. 11-17)               Read: Luke 7-11                                         Memorize: Luke 9:23

WEEK 12 (Mar. 18-24)               Read: Luke 12-16                                       Memorize: Isaiah 59:1-2

WEEK 13 (Mar. 25-31)               Read: Luke 17-21                                       Memorize: 2 Chron. 7:14

WEEK 14 (Apr. 1-7)                    Read: Lk. 22-24; John 1-2                          Memorize: John 3:3-5

WEEK 15 (Apr. 8-14)                 Read: John 3-7                                             Memorize: John 4:23-24

WEEK 16 (Apr. 15-21)               Read: John 8-12                                           Memorize: John 18:36

WEEK 17 (Apr. 22-28)               Read: John 13-17                                         Memorize: John 14:13-14

WEEK 18 (Apr. 29- May 5)       Read: John 18-21; Acts 1                             Memorize: John 20:30-31

WEEK 19 (May 6–12)                Read: Acts 2-6                                               Memorize: Acts 2:38

WEEK 20 (May 13-19)               Read: Acts 7-11                                            Memorize: 1 Kings 22:5; 1 Chron. 28:9

WEEK 21 (May 20-26)               Read: Acts 12-16                                          Memorize: Jeremiah 29:11; Proverbs 9:10

WEEK 22 (May 27 – June 2)     Read: Acts 17-21                                           Memorize: Acts 17:30; 20:7

 WEEK 23 (June 3-9)                  Read: Acts 22-26                                           Memorize: Acts 22:16; Psalm 37:4

WEEK 24 (June 10-16)              Read: Acts 27 – Rom. 3                                  Memorize: Romans 6:3-4

WEEK 25 (June 17-23)              Read: Romans 4-8                                         Memorize: Romans 8:28

WEEK 26 (June 24-30)              Read: Romans 9-13                                       Memorize: Rom. 10:9-10

WEEK 27 (July 1-7)                    Read: Rom. 14 – 1 Cor. 2                               Memorize: Rom. 13:8; 16:16

WEEK 28 (July 8-14)                  Read: 1 Corinthians 3:7                                 Memorize: 1 Cor. 6:19-20

WEEK 29 (July 15-21)                Read: 1 Corinthians 8-12                              Memorize: 1 Cor. 10:13

WEEK 30 (July 22-28)                Read: 1 Cor. 13 – 2 Cor. 1                              Memorize: 1 Cor. 16:2

WEEK 31 (July 29 – Aug. 4)       Read: 2 Corinthians 2-6                                  Memorize: 2 Cor. 5:21

WEEK 32 (Aug. 5-11)                Read: 2 Corinthians 7-11                                Memorize: James 1:14-15

WEEK 33 (Aug. 12-18)              Read: 2 Cor. 12 – Gal. 3                                   Memorize: Galatians 2:20

WEEK 34 (Aug. 19-25)              Read: Gal. 4 – Eph. 2                                        Memorize: Gal. 5:13-14

WEEK 35 (Aug. 26 – Sept. 1)    Read: Eph. 3 – Phil. 1                                        Memorize: Ephesians 5:19

WEEK 36 (Sept. 2-8)                 Read: Phil. 2 – Col. 2                                         Memorize: Col. 2:9-10

WEEK 37 (Sept. 9-15)               Read: Col. 3 – 1 Thess. 3                                  Memorize: Col. 3:2-3

WEEK 38 (Sept. 16-22)             Read: 1 Thess. 4 – 2 Thess. 3                          Memorize: Colossians 3:1

WEEK 39 (Sept. 23-29)             Read: 1 Timothy 1-5                                         Memorize: 1 Timothy 6:10; 2 Timothy 2:15

WEEK 40 (Sept. 30 – Oct. 6)    Read: 1 Tim.6 – 2 Tim. 4                                  Memorize: 2 Tim. 3:16-17

WEEK 41 (Oct. 7-13)                 Read: Titus 1-3; Philemon; Hebrews 1          Memorize: Titus 3:4-8

WEEK 42 (Oct. 14-20)               Read: Hebrews 2-6                                          Memorize: Heb. 4:12-13

WEEK 43 (Oct. 21-27)               Read: Hebrews 7-11                                        Memorize: Hebrews 10:24-25; 11:6

WEEK 44 (Oct. 28 – Nov. 3)      Read: Heb. 12 – James 3                                 Memorize: James 2:17-18

WEEK 45 (Nov. 4-10)                Read: James 4 – 1 Peter 3                               Memorize: 1 Peter 3:18, 21

WEEK 46 (Nov. 11-17)              Read: 1 Peter 4 – 2 Peter 3                             Memorize: 2 Peter 2:20-22

WEEK 47 (Nov. 18-24)              Read: 1 John 1-5                                               Memorize: 1 John 1:7, 9; 5:14

WEEK 48 (Nov. 25 – Dec. 1)     Read: 2 John; 3 John; Jude; Revelation 1-2   Memorize: Eccl. 12:13-14

WEEK 49 (Dec. 2-8)                   Read: Revelation 3-7                                        Memorize: Phil. 4:4-5

WEEK 50 (Dec. 9-15)                 Read: Revelation 8-12                                     Memorize: Phil. 4:6-7

WEEK 51 (Dec. 16-22)               Read: Revelation 13-17                                   Memorize: Hebrews 6:4-5

WEEK 52 (Dec. 23-29)               Read: Revelation 18-22                                   Memorize: Hebrews 6:6-8

Scripture Memorization for 2018

WEEK 1 (Dec. 31 – Jan. 6)      Matthew 6:33; 7:1

WEEK 2 (Jan. 7-13)                Matthew 7:2-3

WEEK 3 (Jan. 14-20)              Matthew 7:4-5

WEEK 4 (Jan. 21-27)              Matthew 7:13-14

WEEK 5 (Jan. 28 – Feb. 3)     Matthew 22:36-37

WEEK 6 (Feb. 4-10)               Matthew 22:38-39

WEEK 7 (Feb. 11-17)             Matthew 28:18-20

WEEK 8 (Feb. 18-24)             Proverbs 3:5-6

WEEK 9 (Feb. 25 – Mar. 3)   Proverbs 6:16-17

WEEK 10 (Mar. 4-10)            Proverbs 6:18-19

 WEEK 11 (Mar. 11-17)         Luke 9:23

WEEK 12 (Mar. 18-24)          Isaiah 59:1-2

WEEK 13 (Mar. 25 -31)         2 Chronicles 7:14

WEEK 14 (Apr. 1-7)               John 3:3-5

WEEK 15 (Apr. 8-14)             John 4:23-24

WEEK 16 (Apr. 15-21)          John 18:36

WEEK 17 (Apr. 22-28)          John 14:13-14

WEEK 18 (Apr. 29 – May 5)  John 20:30-31

WEEK 19 (May 6–12)           Acts 2:38

 WEEK 20 (May 13-19)        1 Kings 22:5; 1 Chron. 28:9

WEEK 21 (May 20-26)         Jeremiah 29:11; Prov. 9:10

WEEK 22 (May 27 – June 2)  Acts 17:30; 20:7

WEEK 23 (June 3- 9)            Acts 22:16; Psalm 37:4

WEEK 24 (June 10-16)        Romans 6:3-4

WEEK 25 (June 17-23)        Romans 8:28

WEEK 26 (June 24-30)        Romans 10:9-10

WEEK 27 (July 1-7)              Romans 13:8; 16:16

WEEK 28 (July 8-14)           1 Corinthians 6:19-20

 WEEK 29 (July 15-21)        1 Corinthians 10:13

 WEEK 30 (July 22-28)        1 Corinthians 16:2

WEEK 31 (July 29 – Aug. 4)  2 Corinthians 5:21

WEEK 32 (Aug. 5-11)          James 1:14-15

WEEK 33 (Aug. 12-18)        Galatians 2:20

WEEK 34 (Aug. 19-25)        Galatians 5:13-14

WEEK 35 (Aug.26 – Sept. 1)  Ephesians 5:19

 WEEK 36 (Sept. 2-8)          Colossians 2:9-10

WEEK 37 (Sept. 9-15)         Colossians 3:2-3

WEEK 38 (Sept. 16-22)       Colossians 3:13

WEEK 39 (Sept. 23-29)       1 Timothy 6:10; 2 Tim. 2:15

WEEK 40 (Sept. 30 – Oct. 6)  2 Timothy 3:16-17

WEEK 41 (Oct. 7-13)           Titus 3:4-8

WEEK 42 (Oct. 14-20)         Hebrews 4:12-13

WEEK 43 (Oct. 21-27)         Hebrews 10:24-25; 11:6

WEEK 44 (Oct. 28 – Nov. 3)  James 2:17-18

WEEK 45 (Nov. 4-10)          1 Peter 3:18, 21

WEEK 46 (Nov. 11-17)        2 Peter 2:20-22

WEEK 47 (Nov. 18-24)        1 John 1:7, 9; 5:14

 WEEK 48 (Nov. 25 – Dec. 1)  Ecclesiastes 12:13-14

WEEK 49 (Dec. 2-8)             Philippians 4:4-5

WEEK 50 (Dec. 9-15)           Philippians 4:6-7

WEEK 51 (Dec. 16-22)         Hebrews 6:4-5

WEEK 52 (Dec. 23-29)         Hebrews 6:6-8


The month of December is one of the few times of the calendar year that more people think about Jesus. The other time is “Resurrection Day” (in other words “Easter”). Jesus being the son of God is also an important biblical theme as demonstrated in the following texts of Scripture:

Matthew 17:5 While he was still speaking, a bright cloud overshadowed them, and behold, a voice out of the cloud said, “This is My beloved Son, with whom I am well-pleased; listen to Him!”

Matthew 24:44  For this reason you also must be ready; for the Son of Man is coming at an hour when you do not think He will.

Luke 2:10-11 But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid; for behold, I bring you good news of great joy which will be for all the people; 11 for today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.

John 19:14 Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold, your King!”

Hebrews 12:2 fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God

1 John 1:7 but if we walk in the Light as He Himself is in the Light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin

Because of these things, I am going to do a short series which focuses on Jesus for the next few weeks. We normally include Jesus in all of our teaching, but these sermons will focus on Jesus being “son.”

12-17-17       Behold The Son: The Gospel Concerns The Son – Romans 1:1-7

12-24-17       Behold The Son: Little Known Descriptions Of The Son – Luke 1 & 2

12-31-17       Behold The Son: Hear The Son – Jn. 5:19-30

01-07-18       Behold The Son: The Blood Of The Son – Rom. 5:6-11

01-14-18       Behold The Son: Here Comes The Son – 1 Thess. 1:9-10


Mark Johnson

Images Of The Christian Life – November Sermon Series

The New Testament often uses images to convey spiritual ideas.

If I say “church” what images pop up on the screen of your mind? ________, ________, _________, _________. Here are mine: saints, body of Christ, bride of Christ, family. These images constitute the nature of the church.

Think of personal images of Christians. What comes to your mind? Disciple, Servant, _______, _______, _______, _______, _______, _______, _______, _______.  How many did you come up with? These images paint a picture of the Christian life.

Please join us Sunday mornings in November at the Columbine church of Christ as we explore four biblical images of the Christian life.


11-05-17       Light – Matthew 5:14-16 (evening assembly)

11-12-17       Kingdom Citizens – Philippians 3:20-21

11-19-17       Traveler – Hebrews 11:8-11

11-26-17       Guest – Matthew 8:11-12

God Does!

For the month of August, we will investigate four things “God does” during the morning assembly (10:00 AM) at the Columbine church of Christ.

August 6 – God Makes Covenant – Deuteronomy 7:9

August 13 – God Makes Distinctions – Exodus 11:7

August 20 – God Relentlessly Pursues – Luke 15:4-6

August 27 – God Writes Straight with Crooked Lines – Genesis 45:5-8

God is not dead. God is not unconcerned. God is not distant. God is active!

Please join us!